Why Should You Prevent Condensations In Enclosures

Whenever cool surfaces get into contact with moist air, condensation takes place. Condensation is normally formed due to surface cooling soon after getting into contact with warmer air around their environment.

Electrical enclosures are vulnerable to condensation because they are always exposed to temperature fluctuations. The solution to this is to make sure that you install thermal insulators, especially in a situation where electrical enclosures are located outdoors.

At the time when warm temperatures of the day extremely fall too low degrees during the night time, there is a higher possibility for condensation to take place. This is a fact that is accompanied by rampant rise and fall of temperatures as well as recent extreme weather changes.

The dangers of condensation

One of the biggest dangers posed by condensation has something to do with electrical appliances’ malfunction. As water vapor is trapped within the enclosures, they lead to corrosion and sometimes rusting of the electrical as well as the metallic components.

The outcome of this is short-circuiting, breakdown of the electronic components as well as premature deterioration of the entire appliance.

Preventing condensation

Installing heat, temperature, as well as control systems, might be the most effective method of dealing with the problem. Some of the examples include thermostats, hygrostats as well as hygrothermal. In case temperatures drop below the set limit, thermostat heaters are turned on averting the danger.

Besides, a hygrostat starts the heaters when humidity rises exceeding the set limit. The hygrothermal does both functions. The major deterrent is the fact these devices are normally expensive.

A hydrothermal is easy to install and use as compared to the other devices. It is normally used in areas where there are extreme weather conditions. In case air temperatures fall during the winter season, the device will trigger the heaters to generate the internal heat. During the summer season when humidity is high, the same device will then trigger the heaters to get into operation lowering humidity. This extends the lifespan of electrical appliances.

Why should you prevent condensation?

There are 4 major reasons why you should be worried about condensation taking place in different compartments of electrical units. These are:

  1. Water draining
  2. Risk of shock
  3. Blocked drains
  4. Water collecting inside the enclosure
  5. Water draining

when condensation takes place, water drips upon the floor. This normally occurs when there are no collective drips. The outcome of this is an undesirable water mess. This might be a risk to your staff as they may slip and fall.

  • Shock risk

The entire condensation of electrical appliances poses an electric shock risk. This risk is of high possibility if the system runs at 240 – 480 volts. Still, the shock is still available in systems running around 120 volts and in the presence of extreme dampness. Anyone handling live equipment or testing electrical circuits is exposed to risk. The solution is installing efficient systems that will help remove condensation. This will ensure that there will never be any condensation of water upon the surfaces or components of the system.

  • Blocked drains

Even when you have enclosures that are installed with condensate drains, the installations are still vulnerable to clogging. This is normally true where the discharge pipes are placed flat upon the ground. When there is little or no condensation at all especially during the dry seasons, dirt and dust normally collect within the pipes. When these foreign materials block the drainage pipes, then water will accumulate upon the drain pan. As condensation is likely to occur, the blockage leads to problems such as corrosion of metal pipes, which can lead to expensive repairs.

  • Water collecting inside the enclosure

In case the temperature drops below the required levels, condensation will take place in a different section of the component, even when the component consists of condensate drains. The outcome of this is corroding of components leading to malfunction within the moving parts, entirely degrading the entire electrical system.

Final verdict

The perfect way to deal with condensate is to make sure that you install an air conditioner within the electrical enclosure. While it gets rid of the moisture, it also cools the surface. As soon as the water condenses upon the surface of the system, it can be boiled by an evaporation system. This ensures effective maintenance of electrical systems thus reducing energy consumption.

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