Definition of a sewage pump

A sewage pump is used for the effective transfer and handling of waste matter. Whether solid or liquid, waste can be efficiently conveyed from one place to another using this device. Sewage pumps are usually submerged and installed at the bottom or base of a sewage basin. Although mostly used in residential buildings and for domestic purposes, sewage pumps can also be used in a commercial setting. An ideal sewage pump should have the ability to handle solid waste up to 1’’ in radius. Some people refer to a sewage pump as a submersible sewage pump because of the way it is installed. So many businesses leverage on the ability of a sewage pump to eliminate wastewater in little or no time. This is because sewage pumps are cost-effective and they have the ability to handle a large volume of solid or liquid waste per time.

Sewage pumps are based on the principle of centrifugation. Also, they can either be automatic or manual. There is another classification called the dual-mode and it combines the qualities of an automatic and manual sewage pump. Usually, an automatic sewage pump is the best fit for use in a sewage basin. This is because it is very much capable of handling an overflow.

How does this device work?

Sewage pumps use the principle of centrifugation to transfer sewage from point to point. They are specially designed so that solid waste can pass through them. They are usually powered by electric cords with impressive thickness and reasonable length (usually between 10ft. and 25 ft.). A typical sewage pump has a motor and an impeller. It is the rotational movement of the impeller that supplies the pressure needed to convey fluid from the impeller to the discharge pipe. There are different sewage pump models and each of them has a convenient operating voltage. Some models are rated 575V while others are rated 460V. The size and capacity also have an influence on the voltage rating of a sewage pump. Other smaller models can conveniently run on a 115V or 230V power source. The motor and impeller is shielded with a cast iron covering to make it durable and long-lasting.

Classification of sewage pumps

There are different types of sewage pumps. Let us take a look at a few of them.

  1. Effluent pumps: This type of sewage pump is used to pump the liquid waste out of a septic tank. Effluent pumps are very common and popular, especially on construction sites. The efficiency of effluent pumps is greater than what solid handling pumps and grinder pumps have to offer because they do not have to deal with solid matter.
  2. A Solid handling pump: Another name for solids handling pump is a sewage ejector pump. This is because it is very efficient for the removal and transfer of solid waste matter. That is not to say solid handling pumps cannot be used to get rid of liquid waste, they can. It is just that they are more suited to handling solid waste as the name rightly suggests.
  3. Grinder pumps: There are lots of similarities between grinder pumps and a solid handling or sewage ejector pump. They are both capable of transferring solid waste from one point to another even when height is involved. The major difference is in the structure and composition. While a grinder pump has parts such as rotating blades, solid handling pumps do not. The rotating blade gives the grinder pump the ability to crush and cut solid waste to smaller fragments before pumping is done. Hence the name ‘grinder pump’. In most cases, there are different grinding methods

What are the benefits of using a sewage pump?

Sewage pumps do not only give you control over solid and liquid waste, they have other benefits. Below are a few of them.

  1. It reduces the risk of flood: We all know that flood has to do with the accumulation of liquid (particularly water). After a heavy downpour, there is a chance that some part of the house will be submerged in flood water, particularly when the drainage is not good enough.  This will not only lead to the destruction of properties, it is also an environmental hazard. By investing in a sewage pump, this situation can be arrested and promptly brought under control.
  2. It reduces the risk of fire: When a flood occurs, appliances are at risk. It is not a good thing for water to come in contact with electronic appliances. It causes a short-circuit especially in heaters and washing machines and this can lead to electric shock and fire.
  3. Having a sewage pump can help your health because it leads to a cleaner, safer environment. Germs and infections that are capable of causing sickness and diseases will find it difficult to thrive. Furthermore, without sewage pumps, environmentally pollution will be rife and common because there will be no other means to control solid and liquid waste that could be toxic, harmful, and unhealthy.

How do I maintain a sewage pump?

The maintenance of any device is very important if it must serve you for a long time. Nobody wants to buy an item that will need frequent repairs or immediate replacement. So, what can be done to maintain a sewage pump?

  1. Make sure there is enough space for the exchange of air between the interior discharge pipe and the exterior discharge pipe. If there is an obstruction, get rid of it.
  2. Make sure you obey every installation instruction. If you are finding this difficult to do, reach out to an expert. Proper installation is the first stage of maintaining a device.
  3. Get rid of every cover. This permits proper ventilation.
  4. Be sure to put a non-return valve to help with water discharge.
  5. Apply silicone spray from time to time to prevent the exposed metallic parts from corroding.

If you are trying to move a sewage pump from its original position, make sure not to lift it by its wires or cables.

how to design suction Pipeline, valid for goulds, berkeley and other pumps

The root cause of many problems the goulds pump and failures can be traced to poor upstream, suction-side, the design of the pipeline. Common issues to avoid are:

• Insufficient fluid pressure causes cavitation in goulds pumps.

• Narrow and constricting pipe producing noise, turbulence, and friction losses.

• Water or steam entrainment causes noise, friction, and loss of performance.

• Solid waste resulting in increased erosion.

• Poor installation of pipes and other components.


PRESSURE GRADIENT THROUGH A corresponding boiling point of liquid pumps CENTRIFUGAL to the temperature at which the vapor pressure is equal to the pressure of the environment. If water, for example, is subject to a considerable reduction of pressure at room temperature, it will boil.

In each of the goulds pumping system, there is a complex pressure profile. It arises from the many properties of the system: the level of throughput, head pressure, friction losses both in the pump, and the entire system as a whole. In goulds centrifugal pumps, for example, there is a large drop in pressure on the goulds impeller and increased again in the vane (see diagram). In a positive displacement pump, the fluid pressure drops when it is taken, basically from the other, into the cylinder. Fluid pressure increases again when driven.

If the fluid pressure at any point in the goulds pump is lower than its vapor pressure, it will boil, forming a vapor bubble in the goulds pump. Bubble formation leads to a loss in throughput and increases vibration and noise, but the significant danger is when the bubble delivered to the pump at a higher pressure. The steam condenses and the bubble burst, releasing, locally, a large amount of energy. It can be very damaging, causing severe erosion of goulds pump parts.

To avoid cavitation, you must match the goulds pumps for liquids, systems, and applications. 

This is usually complex. It is necessary to have it discussed with your goulds pump supplier. 

NPSH understanding

To avoid cavitation, fluid pressure should be maintained above the vapor pressure at all points as it passes through the pump. Manufacturers specify a property referred to as Net Positive Suction Head Required, or NPSH-R – this is the recommended minimum inlet pressure of the fluid, expressed in meters. Documentation that came with your goulds pump may contain a graph showing how the NPSH R varies with the flow.

NPSH-R is defined as the pressure of the suction-side, where cavitation reduces the discharge pressure of 3%. Thus, in designing the suction pipe-side on your system, you must ensure that it exceeds the manufacturer NPSH-R rating for the operating conditions — you calculated value termed-Available NPSH (NPSH-A).

Remember, a manufacturer of NPSH-R rating is the recommended minimum inlet head pressure: goulds pump cavitation already experienced. Afterwards, you also have to ensure the safety margin is maintained (0.5 to 1M). To consider these and other factors such as:

  • The goulds pump operating environments – is a constant temperature?
  • The weather changes (change in temperature and atmospheric pressure).
  • Any increase in friction losses which may occur occasionally or gradually over a period of the system.

Turbulence and Friction

Pumps and goulds centrifugal pumps especially, the work most efficiently when the fluid is delivered in a wave-free, smooth, laminar flow. Each form of turbulence reduces efficiency and increases the wear on the goulds pump bearings, seals, and other components.

There must be worth at least 5 pipe diameters of straight pipe that connects to the goulds pump. Never connect elbow, reducer, apollo valve, or filter in this final run of pipe. If you connect directly to the goulds flange pump elbow, an effective liquid is centrifuged to the outer curve of the elbow and is not directed to the center (eye) of the goulds impeller. This creates stress on the pump bearings and seals that often cause premature wear and failure.

Sometimes, it is simply not possible to make sufficient provision for settling distance in the pipe before the goulds pump. In this case, use inline flow conditioner or straighteners.

It is standard practice to employ suction-side pipe one or two sizes larger than the berkeley pump inlet – you certainly should never use smaller pipe from the berkeley pump inlet nozzle.

Small pipes result in losses greater friction, which means it costs more to run your pumping system. On the other hand, a larger diameter pipe is more expensive – so you need to weigh up the increased costs of energy savings resulting from the possibility of reducing the friction loss.

It also makes sense to keep running the pipeline to a minimum by positioning the berkeley pump closer to the fluid.

Mean a larger pipeline that you will need before the berkeley pump inlet dampers. A damper is narrowing and requires careful design to avoid the turbulence and the creation of pockets in which air or steam may collect. In this situation, what needs to be done is to use an eccentric reducer oriented to eliminate the possibility of air pockets.

As a general rule, the speed of the suction pipe must be kept below 2 m / s. At higher speeds, the greater the friction causes noise, high energy costs, and increase erosion, mainly if the liquid contains suspended solids. If your system includes a narrow pipe or other constrictions, keep in mind that the speed of the pipeline will be much higher at these points.

Water or steam Entrainment

It’s best to keep the air or steam from the pipework. Entrained gas berkeley pumps cause decreased performance, increased noise, vibration and component wear, and tear. It is, therefore, essential to position the feed pipe properly in the tank or vessel. It must be submerged completely. When they’re close to the fluid surface, suction creates a vortex, drawing air (or other vapor) into liquid and through the berkeley pumping system. Feed pipes should also be clear of any other pipe-paddle agitator or stirrer – anything that might push air into the liquid. In a shallow tank or pond, it may be advisable to use a baffle arrangement to protect the feed pipe of air entrainment.

Suspended solids

You should also ensure that the feed pipe is not too close to the bottom of the tank or pond. If yes, suction may draw up solids or sludge instead of air or steam! Liquids may contain suspended solids in any case.

Some displacement berkeley pumps can cope with mixed-phase supply without damage or loss in performance. berkeley Centrifugal pumps are not so strong and must be protected from solids. In this situation, you have to install a filter or berkeley strainer. Filters can create a large pressure drop and are responsible for cavitation and friction-loss. The screen filter must have at least three times the area free of the pipe section. 


The berkeley pump must be safely located – but so must the pipework. Do not use one to support the other. All other components must be equal to safely located and made no stress or strain on any other part of the system. Make sure that the pipe that connects to the berkeley pump inlet flange exact alignment with it. If you need to install a apollo non-return valve or apollo flow control valves fits them on the berkeley pump discharge side and never on the suction-side pipe.


Problems on the suction side pipes often have damaging consequences for the berkeley pump system and can be avoided by following these guidelines:

Make sure that the conditions are not supportive of cavitation, especially if you are using a berkeley centrifugal pump. This requires careful selection of the berkeley pump and the position of head pressure.

The position of the feed pipe to minimize air entrainment/vapor and solids.

Minimize friction and turbulence by selecting the appropriate piping and components:

Using pipes with a diameter twice that of the flanged suction side of the berkeley pump.

Make sure that the pipeline parallel to the berkeley pump flange and straight for at least 5 pipe diameters.

Use an eccentric reducer oriented to eliminate air pockets.

We are keeping pace pipe under 2m / s.

5 BASIC RULES OF PUMP PIPING (Barnes, Berkeley & Ingersoll Rand)

Many goulds pumps fitted with pipes inappropriate settings, so that premature goulds pump failure as we covered in our latest e-book, 36 Ways to Kill Your goulds Pump. If you are installing the pump in the new system, where you will turn to the guidelines pipeline pump setting appropriate?

Knowledge and resources are minimal on this topic. 

By following the 5 simple rules, you can avoid premature barnes pump failure and associated pipeline pump trap.

KEEP SUCTION PIPE shortest possible

Include a straight run of pipe length equal to 5 to 10 times the diameter of the pipe between the barnes pump inlet and obstacles in the suction line. Note: Barriers include apollo valves, elbows, “tee,” etc.

Keeping the suction pipe short, Ensuring that a decrease in the inlet pressure is as low as possible. Pipes run directly provide a uniform speed across the diameter of the pipe at the pump inlet. Both are essential to achieve optimal suction.

Pump Cavitation


speed suction pipe should be limited to 7 to 8 feet per second or less.


Include 5-10 pipe diameters of straight pipe run between the pump inlet and the elbow. This helps to eliminate the “side loading” of the goulds pump impeller and pump, creating a uniform bearing axial load.


Maintaining an adequate level in the supply tank to eliminate the vortices of formation and air entrapment.

Avoid high pockets in the suction pipe, which can trap air

Keep all tube and fitting tight connections in a vacuum suction to prevent air from getting into the barnes pump.


The goulds pump must never support the suction or discharge pipe. Stress in the pump casing by the piping system significantly reduces pump life and performance.

Keep in mind that the increase in berkeley pump performance will help to make up the pipe mistakes made on the discharge side of the pump. 

When there is a problem linked with the suction, this can lead to recurring failure, which can even occur after several years, if not handled properly. 

Piping design is an area in which the basic principles that are often overlooked, leading to raised vibration & premature failure related to the seals & bearings. Piping that one has long been ignored as a reason for this failure is due to many other reasons this equipment can fail. Many experienced engineers may argue that the berkeley pump function is still the wrong pipe and operating correctly. These arguments, although valid, did not make a practice of questionable pipes accurately.

Goulds & Berkeley Pump installation: Tips and best practices

Goulds Pump placement

  • Ensure it stays on a flat surface. This helps the load.
  • The unit placement must help avoid any distorting forces.
  • Enough space should also be a consideration for operation and maintenance

BBA Pumps’ installation tips: 

  • Goulds Pump on a flat surface.

General pipe guidelines

Diameter and length selection of suction, pressure pipes with other components must be considered. The operating pressure should not exceed the maximum permissible values. The power rating of the drive system installed must be sufficient. NPSH chart is available upon request.

The diameter pipe must be equal to or greater than the size of the connection on the Goulds pump.

If possible, the transition between the various diameters of the pipe should be made with a transition angle of approx. 8 degrees.

Pipe alignment is essential for pump connections.

It should be possible to connect a pipe and Goulds pump flanges without placing one part under pressure.

Support the pipe directly in front of the Goulds pump. The pump may not support heavy pipes and fittings.

Install the Apollo shut-off valve on the suction and pressure pipe as close as possible to the connection flanges to allow isolation of the Goulds pump for maintenance and repair. Shut-off valve must be of a type that will enable the flow of straight lines, such as Apollo gate or globe valves. 

Internal diameter alignment must exist between the shut-off valve and pipe. If there is a possibility that backflow of liquid can cause the Goulds pump to turn in the opposite direction when it stops, the non-return valve should be placed in the pipe to prevent it.

Install the instrument in the pipeline for monitoring during surgery.

If applicable, connect the pump unit to the appropriate security system. Protector shields the heat pipe.

Specific regulations related to suction and pressure pipes.

Cleaning all parts in contact with the fluid is essential. 

Note: When pumping viscous fluids, there can be a significant loss of pressure in the suction and pressure pipes. Placed in the piping system components, such as Apollo shut-off valves, bends, suction strainer, filter, and foot valve, will create more significant pressure loss.

Suctioning pipe

  • The goulds pump units need to be placed as closely as possible. 
  • The pipe should be as short as possible.
  • Run the pipe, so that slopes upward toward the goulds pump to prevent the formation of air pockets.
  • Placement of the suction pipe – BBA Pumps installation tips

If the slope of the pipe, the pipe must slope down towards the berkeley pump. Place the shut-off valve between the floating room and MP to prevent overpressure in MP.

If the slope of the pipe, the pipe must slope down towards the berkeley pump. Place the shut-off valve between the float chamber and MP to prevent overpressure in MP – BBA 

Berkeley Pumps Installation Tips

  • Air pockets need to be avoided. This is done by ensuring the pipe is laid usually. 
  • Use the smallest possible number of bends.
  • The bend should have the largest possible radius.
  • The pipe system must be completely airtight.
  • In the case of Berkeley non-pump self-priming, in which fluid does not flow into the Berkeley pump, install a foot valve with flow capacity is large enough.
  • In the case of contaminated fluid, always put a suction strainer or solids separation with a widescreen clean opening large enough. Particle filtration size suction strainer must be equal to or less than the solids handling Berkeley pump specifications.
  • In the case of non-pump self-priming, in which fluid does not flow into the pump, install a foot valve with flow capacity is large enough.

When there is a change in pipe diameter, use an eccentric reducer to prevent the accumulation of air.

When there is a change in pipe diameter, use an eccentric reducer to prevent the accumulation of air.

When there is a change in pipe diameter, use an eccentric reducer to prevent the accumulation of air.

Ensure that sufficient fluid intake will remain submerged below the surface of the liquid so that at the lowest level, no air will be drawn.

Make sure the length of the pipe between the bend and Berkeley pump should be 4X that of the pipe’s diameter. A bend prevents the entry of liquid into the goulds pump impeller smoothness and can have a negative impact on the condition of suction.

BBA Pumps installation tips: 

  • When the fork is installed, use one with a bend inflow.

In the case of the goulds self-priming pump is equipped with a separate suction bend, this bend should not be removed or rotated.

For low viscosity fluids, either install a foot valve with a diameter equal to or greater than the suction valve or install a foot valve in the pipe without U-configuration (see technical specifications BA series).

Do not install the foot valve when pumping high viscosity liquids. Foot valve pipe causing additional losses.

To remove air or gas is present in the Berkeley pump or suction pipe, pressure pipe can be equipped with a bypass line. The use of the cut line will eliminate the air from the pump faster. See also ‘Pressure pipe.’

In some situations, the liquid temperature may be so high that it requires a pre-pressure pump relative to the NPSH inline (see technical specifications BA series).

pressure pipe

The designer is responsible for the installation, including security, such as protection against overpressure.

To prevent the loss of pipe, using the fewest number of bends possible.

When the long pressure pipe or as a non-return valve used in pipeline pressure directly after the Berkeley pump, install a bypass line equipped with a shut-off valve. Connect a shortcut to the suction line or the suction point.

Bleed air from the pump faster, cutting lines must be connected to a supply tank or the suction point.


  • Prevent sudden closure pressure pipes. This will help in preventing the cause of water hammer.
  • A bypass, accumulator, or pressure safety needs to be installed if a water hammer occurs.

Suction strainer

When pumping polluted liquids or liquids containing solid particles, install a suction strainer in the suction opening.

When choosing a suction strainer, carefully consider the wide net that pipe losses kept to a minimum. The clean opening area of ​​the suction strainer must be at least three times the cross-sectional area of ​​the suction pipe.

In the case of contaminated fluid, always install a suction strainer with a clean open area large enough. Particle filtration size suction strainer must be equal to or less than the solids handling Berkeley pump specifications.

energy saving, efficient pumping system and stations

Energy Saving Pump Stations

If engineers will design with low resistance pipe in the form of long HDPE pipe and fittings turned smooth walls, to create a truly conserve energy pumping stations.

Years ago now, there was a breakthrough praised by many in the electric field called high-temperature superconductivity. In short, the joy born of the teachings if our electricity system, IE conductor, can operate under conditions of zero resistance, energy-saving around the world will be dramatically reduced. Is an electric substation or a Lift Station Wastewater purpose at least when it comes to the movement of electric current is zero resistance. Superconductivity and the possibility to conduct electricity across the United States and beyond without a fight was interesting. Likewise, it is equally interesting to think about moving superconductivities colleagues to pump fluid friction factors / low resistance as a breakthrough at this engineering feat exciting and happening now. At Goulds Station packaged pump, our water and wastewater lift station uses two systems approach to maximize savings in power usage. Since utilizing various types, Frequency Drives are the primary method of saving energy in Packaging Water and Waste Water Lift Station Pump Station in’s first look at the low-hanging fruit of energy savings: reduction of friction. An additional benefit in utilizing low co-efficient of friction materials such as HDPE and long radius ells is no cost savings are usually early in the material when compared with cement-lined ductile iron whether or not and also installed HDPE costs lighter weight materials.

“To Save or Not to Save” on energy consumption, that is the question.

Pump station

Think about it; a lot of design professionals stepping over dollars to save pennies by concentrating only on the premium efficient motors and variable speed drives. The first observation is this component is expensive to acquire, and in many cases, has negative overall cost savings when the initial capital costs are considered along with additional maintenance costs. The search for energy savings and mandates for energy-efficient electric motors initiated by our government back in the early nineties. A well-intentioned program, and yet only 8% of the energy losses associated with the electric motor. If in all water and especially in applications Goulds Waste Water Pump, if we can reduce the friction factor, Hazen-Williams was a plastic pipe of the prevalent events! In a previous statement of experienced application, engineers can conclude sentence the main point is that the savings grow each year as the remnants of relatively smooth pipe. The consequences of using low friction plastic, it turns out that the long fingers of the same material are that the pressure is reduced immediately. More critical was the long-term benefits of plastic pipe are starting to reap the benefits of energy consumption is saved. By studying the Hazen-Williams formula, we see an exponential increase in friction as the annular area began to close from corrosion over time. The buildup makes the pump work harder to overcome the significant increase in restricted, and in many cases, the pressure line can be miles long.

Each Pumping systems where pressure reducing course has a direct relationship with energy savings. So, long after the engineer standing in the “Alley Oop” Ductile Iron confidence that engineering is the only way to go-pump go to work and every year after that to pump through steel lines are very limited. This happens 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, all year long, tense pump and draw excess energy all because engineers “Can not see the light through a corroded steel pipe.” Pumps in all forms of existing energy-consuming nearly 25% of the world. If engineers will design with that in mind to reduce the need for fluid handling pump heads by utilizing high quality, proven strong HDPE pipe and fitting products available State and private owners alike will have several lines added savings. Maybe some of the less than sanitary sewer overflows will occur because there will be less pump failure due to lower friction factor HDPE pipe so that MTBF is greater than the motor. Up to 2% savings in this KWH of electricity used as the pump works under the curve might be able to reduce the horsepower of the motor. Less carbon footprint is reduced at times needed to “Pig” plastic pipe compared to the cleaning interval required for the ductile iron pipe. No improvement with the HDPE from corrosive soil conditions is eating into steel and flexible pipe.

Order in, for the next Packaging Waste Water Lift Station, providing natural flow characteristics of HDPE. At the Pump Station Taylor, we believe in using a simple yet powerful easy to clean components. We specifically designed and received a patent outside the US in easy to clean either wet; we call Ezz-Klean Station.

Should you buy Wastewater Pump Station?

I want to discuss with you your decision to buy “Packaged Wastewater Pump Station,” and hopefully make a buying decision a little easier. I’m going to “pump up” the benefits of the new wastewater pumping stations for a moment, then switch to a more fundamental consideration, which I believe is important in the purchase of a complete package. 

Goulds Waste Water Pump Station. 

A packaged pump in the market that gives require benefits with the ease of cleaning. Packaged Waste Water Pump Station United States Patent employ design, which makes cleaning easy station. 

Wastewater Pump Station, with all configurations and options, as well as the selection of Premium Dry surface mount or submersible wastewater station, is simple in design. Prime arrangement dry surface will be the subject of another blog at another time. Submersible wastewater station components, all of which need periodic maintenance, consists of Wet Well, pump, (most often the duplex settings) along with guide rails and discharge elbow; Plug Valves and Check Valves with valve dome is part of the package. Electrical equipment in the form of a motor control center with a varied selection of drive frequency and programmable logic control complete basic options for the wastewater pump station.

This blog does not cover if you, a professional engineer, Public Works Official, or Private Developer or Contractor, buy “Chevy or Ford” pumps. It will be the product technical data and research how much you do on the specific pump and the motor and consider all the information provided by the sales representatives along with the inputs provided by the municipality and their representatives.

“Best Management Practice means the best maintenance practices when it comes to the Waste Water Pump Station.”

Anyone involved in the wastewater industry knows the benefits of the “BMP” as it applies to Waste Water Pump Station. The decision to buy bottled water sewage pumping stations should be made with an emphasis on ease of maintenance & cleaning of the station. Design features inherent in Waste Water Station maintenance costs Packed effects, but some purchasing agents give much credence to this fact in their purchasing decisions. After a career in industrial wastewater pumping, mainly as a Project Manager involved in the installation of sewage pump stations. Many factors need to be considered as related to the quality of the components as well as long-term maintenance costs of the wastewater station. Effects of purchase Wastewater Pump Station with difficult aspects of maintenance can be much like buying a house with a bad foundation built; instance is not easy to fix. If you are an individual who is responsible for the final specifications of the wastewater lift station that will, i.e., be put to the service, we can assume you are at least looking at the long-term maintenance and cleaning costs of capital investment is large enough. There is a basic item of packaging wastewater lift station that will contribute to the final quality of the station. These products include a Pre-flagged receiver socket cap for pipe-making guidance. This feature is built to ensure that the guide rails for proper decision-pump are placed vertically. 

Purchasing agents must request Packaged Pump Station Waste Water suppliers have the option to provide an additional choice at each joint sealing wet wells. This includes HDPE band “electro-fused” and placed around the inside of each part of the barrel, making the issue of infiltration is very remote. Remember, groundwater pumping is the fact kilowatt rob guaranteed to increase costs as power levels are sure to rise. What are the features of the Waste Water Pump Station packed Hydrogen Sulfide that would hinder the action? The primary method to prevent hydrogen sulfide corrosion of concrete is wet wells interior lines with 30 mils thick layer of HDPE or similar coats of epoxy products. Quality control measures most established suppliers of packaging wastewater pumping stations proposed are to have all vents and hatches stainless steel vacuum wrapped in plastic. It certainly helps to defend against the iron oxide prevalent in cutting iron pipe and other steel products. Consider determining Ezz ™ device Klean as a simple access tube and the vacuum head for the long term benefit of cutting time in removing debris and build dangerous in wet wells.

how does a hydraulic ram pump work? how does it collect and deliver water?

How Does A Hydraulic Ram Pump Work?

Hydraulic ram pump may sound daunting, too technical, and scientific, but it is quite simple.

The simplicity behind the actual ram pump makes it ideal for communities and even for homes and farms. The principle behind the pump makes it reliable, affordable, and easy to maintain.

For a better understanding of how it works, certain words need to be described; 

Gravity – is a force that leads the body of water to the river

Kinetic energy – the energy an object has or produces for motion or movement.

Water hammer effect – or hydraulic shock. This is the effect of the sudden release of pressure on a gauge float.

How does it work?

First, remember that for the ram pump to work, the pump itself must be installed at the deepest part of the water source (for rivers and springs) or a lower elevation than the source of the flowing water. Then, water will enter the pump, pressure builds up and pushes him out into the higher elevations. Here is a simple way of how the whole cycle of work.

Collecting water – Pump must be positioned lower than the water source to catch the water through the pipe drive. Water is drawn into the pump by gravity; this is why there is a need for electricity or diesel.

Creating pressure – Water flowing move down through the drive pipe has kinetic energy. This energy will build up pressure in the pipeline.

Build more pressure – pressure on the pipeline will create a water hammer effects build the pressure. The pump will work by using all available pressure to deliver water up the pipe. 

Delivering water – At this point, the water in the delivery pipe can reach “a great distance or altitude is even higher than the original water source.”

These steps occur about 100 times per minute. To help you visualize, here is a video link, “How Ram Pump Works.”

How to build up the pressure in the pump?

Let’s dissect the parts of the pump is simplified to see how each piece works to create the required pressure.

Drive pipe- this is where the water from the source entry. It is usually buried to prevent damage by people or pets. It is essential to trip the pump not to have any corners. Bends will compromise the efficiency and durability of the pump.

Excess water valve – This section controls the amount of water the pump can deliver. If the valve is open too long or closing too quickly, then there will be less water delivered. Be sure to hire only the best Ram Pump installer, such as those of the Gilman Ram Pump and Enterprises, brand valves appropriately installed or break the efficiency of the pump.

Delivery pipe- this is where the water flows from the pump to the water consumers.

Impulse valve -Do not let its small size fool you; this part of the pump has a lot to do in the entire pumping cycle. Impulse valve left open and was forced to shut down the water pressure — this action of the valve impulse causing a shock wave at the pump. The shock wave propels the water delivery pipes. The impulse valve opens again after the pressure subsides. As a general rule, the heavier boost valve stroke creates slower, and more water is pumped.

Delivery valve- serves as a gateway between the pump and the pressure vessel or directly to the delivery pipe (depending on how the pump is made). A delivery valve can be anything from “a ball, swinging, diaphragm, or lift-check.” This valve opens to the pressure vessel or the delivery pipe as soon as there is enough pressure in the pump to push it open. Just close the back as soon as pressure subsides.

Vessel- pressure water is pushed through the valve into the delivery here. Air met with the air inside the vessel, causing it to compress and create the effect of water hammer.


The number of water consumers will get at the end of the delivery pipe is dependent on “rations delivery head to head supply.” Suppliers such as may be able to give the client an estimate of the expected volume is based on their calculations, after consultation.

On the other hand, the ram pumps energy efficiency of about 60% to 80%.

A ram pump is the best choice?

Ram pumps are energy efficient and sustainable. Operates continuously and can serve the public or your family for a few generations, depending on materials used or the installer’s skills. It is very reliable and easy to maintain, as well.

However, not all locations have the necessary water resources. There is also the issue of sedimentation, and a large amount of water is wasted.

Fortunately, many people from all over the world look for ways to solve some of the issues about the ram pump. There is a growing looking into making automatic control valves to accommodate different types of water sources and “enable maximum utilization of the water supply.”

Again, the simplicity principle ram pump makes it a device that can be easily redesigned to answer to the needs of today’s modern world while at the same time keeping things back to basics and more sustainable.

Easy way to to make water pump well without electricity

Pump water with gravity alone. No electricity or gasoline. 

Sounds crazy or impossible? Do not worry; it did not obey the laws of physics, but I will try to explain the operation later. This instructable shows how to build a water pump that is simple enough not to require energy input in addition to the water that flows from a higher point to a lower position. Most pumps constructed of PVC, with some bronze pieces thrown in for flavor. I can be the source of all sections of the local hardware store (Lowes) for a little under $ 100.

The pump will require a drop of at least 3-5 inches to have a proper functioning state. The level that the pump can lift the water depends on the water head (Total decrease in water will make). Before you really can do a lot, you have to go out and buy some stuff. In case you need to build, print out this list and head to your hardware store plumbing dept.


· 1-1/4 inch valve

· 1-1/4 inch tee (buy two of these)

· 1-1/4 inch union

· 1-1/4 inch brass swing check valve

· 1-1/4 inch spring check valve

· 3/4 inch tee

· 3/4 inch valve

· 3/4 inch union

· 1-1/4″ x 3/4″ bushing

· 1/4 inch pipe-cock

· 100 psi gauge

· 3/4″ x 6″ -nipple

· 4″ x 1-1/4″ -bushing

· 4 inch coupling

· 4″ x 24″-PR160 PVC pipe

· 4″ PVC glue cap

· 3/4″ x 1/4″-bushing

· The parts list comes directly from the site Clemson. I suggest you look for assistance in identifying what each piece looks like if you are unsure. I’m also not sure that 100 PSI gauge, or all the things that are possible, necessary. This will probably go down in price a little good, and I have not found a need for it on my pump. Related pieces are 100 PSI gauge, 3/4 “Tee, 3/4” x 1/4 “bushing, 1/4” pipe chicken. Four points are not required. But to have them if you like.

Note Connections via instructable Read and understand all the pipe-fitting connections that will occur before the material purchased. Stores may not have what you are looking for, and you may have to improvise. I ended up getting a few different sections because my local store does not have the right parts I was looking for. This usually comes in the form that does not have a threaded fitting, but it has a smooth pipe connection or vice versa. No problem, you can find out.

Installation materials needed

• a long section of 1-1 / 4 inch PVC ( ‘drive pipe,’ connecting the pump to the water supply)

• Garden Hose (end of the male thread to 3/4 “union, pumped water supply)

• Bricks, blocks, stones to sustain and anchor the pump

• Shower Drain assembly 

to install pipes for water supply

Material build and Tools

• PVC Primer (I use Oatey Purple Primer)

• PVC cement (Oatey again, just what they have)

• Teflon Tape Thread

• hacksaw

• Tape measure

• Clamps

• pocket knife

• Lab gloves (made chemicals on the pipe and out of your hand)

• Bicycle Pump (to inflate innertube that)

Now that you’ve bought a lot of stuff, lay them on the desk (or floor) so you can begin to see how the pumps run together. Look for visual images on this.

You’ll have to cut a long section of pipe into sections shorter to go between the respective fittings. 

The next step highlights the above part

Step 3: Cut the connecting pipe into pieces

You need to connect each small unit with some pipes, so set about cutting off segments of shares 1-1 / 4-inch pipe with a hacksaw that. They do not need to belong, just enough to reach to each fitting, perhaps with spaces between (no much).

Smooth the edges of the cut pieces with sandpaper. Get all the thorns off, clean it up, give it a nice bevel or rounded edges. The idea here is to make this as smooth as possible, to reduce the possibility of cracks developing with repeated pressure waves that occur in the pipeline. Clean both ends, and make cuts to join all 1-1 / 4-inch fittings.

While working, you might as well clean the edge on other parts of the pipeline, although it will be less critical for other parts. Now that you’ve got all the segments connected, you can test in accordance by putting the 1st part together just for the check. 

Do not worry if the pipe looks a bit tight when you’re a test fitting everything. Primary and cement help them go together when you do the real assembly.

Step 4: Fun With Chemistry

Take your laboratory gloves, tongs, primer, cement, two parts of their fittings, and connecting pipes. Then head to a well-ventilated room, because of improper primer and cement aromatherapy. At least not the kind of good.

For those of you who have not built anything of PVC in the past, it was not too difficult. The primary function for cleaning of PVC bit and get ready to bond with cement. Cement to hold everything together.

Most PVC chemical bottles have a cap with a small brush attached to them. Taking the lid off the primary, and carefully coat the outer face of pipe, with a band of about 2 “wide starting at the end. Take care not to drip primer on anything you do not want to permanently purple. After the pipe is coated, doing the same thing for the inside fitting that you are planning on cementing up. 

Close up of primary bottle.

Opening a bottle, which should also have a small brush in it. With this brush, go to the area that you painted with a primer. Do not rush, but you want to get the pipe together before the cement dries. You have time, so focus on getting a good layer of cement on both pieces.

Once you’ve got the cement where you want it (and hopefully only a few in which you do not) fit the pipe into the fitting, it should slide without too much resistance. When working on the pump, I feel that it is best to clamp up each piece after I had gathered it, which means the pipe can not slip back at all. It may not be necessary, but I think it helps.

Most pieces joined together in a way that is quite obvious; few things need to be considered: the spring-loaded check valve, there is an arrow, and you will want this point to the tee key will have a 4-inch pipe (room air) on it. This allows water to pass through to the main tee, as you wish. With brass valves swing, the arrow should be pointing in the direction of the tee, and the mainline pipe.

To the next step for sequence assembly!

Step 5: Piece by Piece (Main Line)

I started at one end of the pump, with a 1-1 / 4 “valve at 1-1 / 4” union. You can choose to start with the other pieces, but I found that the formation of the mainline gave me something easy to clamp up. After 1-1 / 4 “to 3/4” bushing on the tee, you can glue to the end of the assembly separately, and then connect it to the main assembly with a threaded 3/4 “pipe.

When connecting the threaded part, be sure to wrap some Teflon tape around the threads. This will help the joint operations and prevent leakage at this joint.

Step 6: Piece by Piece (Pressure Chamber)

Now you need to collect the pressure chamber. You collect a large section of pipe, caps, adapters, bicycle tubes, and a bicycle pump. Using a pump, partially inflate the bicycle tube. Do not pump it all the way, just enough that the tube slippery. We need the air inside the pressure chamber to act as a spring.

The bicycle tube prevents the pressure chamber from becoming wet during operation. Water-soluble in water. He did so much easier at high pressure. (This is related to how commercially produced carbonated soft drinks) Bicycle tubes were held a few planes from ever contacting the water (in theory), and prevents air from done from the pressure chamber.

After this, the cement at both ends, and clamps that sucker up. After it dries, go ahead and glue the whole assembly to the pipe coming from the main tee.

Notes on possible improvements/modifications:

Some may choose to eliminate the bike tube, and only drain pump out every once in a while. It’s possible. It also may well mount the Schrader valve to the closed end of the pressure chambers to refill it. Whatever suits your taste, but this setup works well for me so far.

Step 7: Optional Pressure Gauge Assembly

If you want to use a pressure gauge, you’ll mount that after the main tee. 

The setup is pretty apparent. 

This follows the simple link of the gauge to pipecock, nipple to the bushing, tee. All threaded connections must be well wrapped with the Teflon tape. This must be tightened well.

This installation requires cutting 3/4 “x 6” pipe nipple half, creating two pieces, threaded at one end and smooth on the other hand, to go down into the arms of the tee. Cement.

Step 8: The Last Piece (for Pump Anyway)

Install a brass swing check valve, is not yet done. Ensure that the flapper (I like to call it) is hanging down when the pump in the upright position (everything is pointing up). Everything just had to thread into the bushing that you have been cemented into the end of the 1-1 / 4 “pipe. Pretty simple.

Step 9: Pumping

Now that you have a collection seemed rather aggressive PVC bit, it’s time to make it do something. You must attach the standpipe (long section of 1-1 / 4 “pipe) to 1-1 / 4” union with the cement, and then decide how you want to connect the other end to your water source. My first method is chopped up milk jugs. Honestly, I just wanted to see it pump water.

My design then is to mount the shower drain at the end of the standpipe and fix that for styrofoam cooler that I’ve cut a hole that fits in. Served cold as a collector for the pipe, and everything worked pretty well. In a more permanent installation (to be completed by next spring), I will attach it to the shower drainboard that can be fixed in higher water supply, and things will be okay.

Collecting a garden hose, pipe stands you and your pump, then pull all this out to the waterfall or what you need. Bring a friend or two. 

When you install it permanently (or semi-permanent), you will want to find the right place to anchor to, maybe not in the river. You have to have it placed at a low level as possible, but keep in mind that if the river floods and/or tree to wash it down, it will take you a little better with the pump off.

Step 10: Hows it works?

So here apply to the operation of the pump.

As the pump cycle begins, the water flows down the standpipe, and through the swing check valve. Water began to flow faster and faster around the flapper in the valve, until friction pulls the flapper up, slammed shut. This method will lead to a pressure spike in the pump body, such as running water standpipe at some speed no longer have a place to go. The pressure is relieved by some of the water that flows across the check valve spring, more to the side of the pressure chamber of the pump. After passing through the swing check valve, it can not be returned and should stay there. When the pressure differential drops the check valve spring, the valve will close, and the water will stop flowing through it. Low pressure will allow the swing check valve to open again, starting the cycle again.


So what if this does not happen? 

What should be done in such a situation is to check and make sure that it is “on.” That is, make sure both 1-1 / 4 “and 3/4” valve is open.

Sometimes the water would flow out of the swing check valve, the valve will slam shut, but nothing will happen. If this happens, press the flapper in the valve to open it again and let the cycle begins again. In theory, the pumps require some pressure back-up (that comes from the pressure side of the tank) to operate, but I never had a problem getting mine away with just a few necessary tapping and tamper.

Now that it works, can you make it work better? You will find that there is a maximum height to which the pump can deliver water. Be patient when trying to see it, because it takes a little while for the pump to achieve the required pressure to raise water higher and higher. There is a formula that will tell you how high you can theoretically pump water-based chief source of water. Do not hesitate to see them.

Tuning ram pump mostly involves varying the speed of the water yielding a swing check valve cover. A higher water velocity will result in more significant pressure spikes, which allows you to pump to a greater height. But it will also lead to a slower cycle, so you pump more slowly. If closing the valve on the water velocity is lower, it will take a little time for the water to reach that speed so that the pump will cycle faster, and water is pumped faster. However, you won’t be able to pump high. This is like the trade-off that needs to be kept in mind. With the method, it will prevent interruption 24 hours a day, so it combines with the storage tank, you can get a decent supply of water was built.

To enhance this particular design, you take advantage of how gravity works on the flapper. When the direction of the valve is direct up, gravity holds the flapper down; hence, the water must flow through the flapper faster to generate enough drag to raise the full weight of the flapper. By turning the pump on the mainline, you put this flapper degree of freedom in the corner with the force of gravity, making it less necessary to move the flapper drag. You can work out all of this quite easily with a little trigonometry, but I feel it will serve little use in the field. Just play around with it, you have to find a position that works well for your application.

No power?

Well, no. This pump derives its power from the potential energy of water uphill and with wasting (not in a bad sense) most of the water flowing through the pipe stand. Only a fraction of the water pump that travels to that pipe. But it’s okay if you have a river that has been flowing down the hill. Before, you did not do anything with all the potential / kinetic energy. Now you. Hooray for you!

Well water systems, here is how it work, Simple to understand

If you live in a city or town, you probably do not give much thought to how the water you use every day to your home. Even small villages often provide water supply pipelines transport to every house in the neighbourhood. What you need to care about is how to open the sink faucet. 

Move a few miles from the town, and the image can be changed. While inner-fortunately still-unseen, your water supply is independent of the neighbor down the street. Each house has its well from which to draw water. Moreover, each house has its electromechanical system to get the water needed in the house right from the well. At the core part of each system is the pump; jet and the submersible pump is the choice. 

kind of good

In many areas of the country, finding drinking water as quickly come out a shovel and dig a hole in the ground. In situations such as shallow-well, lifting the water to the house will be a little easier, if only because of the distance you have to move it simple.

If your area does not have a high water table, or if it does not have a stable supply of drinking water near the surface, you should dig deeper to achieve the same result. And because both deep way that the water must be raised further, the strategy to move it to change.

shallow well pump

These days, the most common pumps for shallow wells is a jet pump. Jet pump mounted on top of the well, either at home or in a well and draw water up from wells via suction (see diagram Single-Drop-jet pump system on the next page). Because suction is involved, the atmospheric pressure is what does the job. When you suck a straw, you create a vacuum in the straw on top of the water. After space, existing, heavy air, or atmospheric pressure, pushing water up the straw. As a result, the height that you can lift water with a shallow-well jet pump about the weight of air. While the air pressure varies with altitude, it is common to limit the shallow depth of jet-pump-operated well for about 25 ft.

The jet pump creates suction in a somewhat new way. The pump function is based on an electric powered motor that is designed to drives the impeller or centrifugal pump. Impeller moving water, called water drive, from the well through a narrow opening, or jet, mounted on the housing in front of the impeller. This constriction causes the velocity of the water jet moving to increase, such as a nozzle on a garden hose. As water leaves the jet, made a partial vacuum that sucks extra water from wells. Venturi tube is located behind the pump with the design to help increases the diameter. It subsequently reduces the pressure hence slow down the water flow. New water pumped-water taken from wells by suction at the combine then with water jet drive to discharge into the pipeline system at high pressure.

Because of the shallow-well jet pump water use to draw water, they generally must be prime-filled with water-before they will work. To keep water in the pump & piping system flows back into the well, a one-way check valve installed in the feed line to the pump.

Barrier violates depth

When there is a need to go down to a depth of around 25 ft, the jet pump can still be used. All needed to be done is about separating the jet from the motor and impeller housing. The jet assembly down in the water. 

In deep-well jet pump configuration is typical, one pipe mounted to the impeller housing drive water into the body of the jet, which is located about 10 to 20 ft. Below the minimum water level in well. A second pipe is connecting the output side of the jet’s body back to the pump.

On the jet, increasing the speed of the water creates a partial vacuum that draws up water well into the second pipe and then back to the pump and piping system. The deep-well jet pump is used both suction jet to bring water into the system.

To prevent overpumping well, jet-pump installation artesian well may include a muffler 35-ft long. It is connected to the intake end of the jet housing and extends into the well. If the water level dips below the residential level jet, the pump operates in the same way that the shallow-well pumps are not. While the flow rate decreases, the water will be available until the rate drops below about 25 ft. Of housing jet-limits for shallow pumps. 35-ft long exhaust effectively ensures that good will never be pumped out. Of course, the height of the jet above the surface of the water affecting performance. The farther it is the less efficient pumping into.

As a shallow-well system, jetted in deep-well systems need a form of priming to enable it to operate correctly. There is a foot valve located at the bottom of the excellent pipe. This valve helps to prevent water from draining from pipes and pumps. The jet pump, which has two or more impeller called multistage pumps.

Moving to the source

While the jet pumps can reliably handle very well a few hundred feet deep, running the pump a little down is more a preferred solution in such circumstances. This helps in lifting the water; it encourages it. A submersible pump has an important feature which includes the long cylindrical shape that fits inside the excellent casing. The lower part consists of a sealed pump motor connected to a power source on the ground and controlled by cable. The pump half of the unit consists of a stacked series of impellers are separated by a diffuser which drives the water through the pipe to the plumbing system.

In modern installations, well casings outside the house are connected to the pipe system with pipes that run underground to the basement (see diagram Submersible Pump System). This horizontal pipe is joining both the connector pipe called a pitless adapter. The function of the adapter to allow access to the pump and well pipe through the top of the excellent casing while routing the water from the pump into the pipeline system.

There are reasons submersible pumps tend to provide a more efficient pumping action when compared to jet pumps cos it pumps more water for the same motor size, pump or motor problems will require units of well casing pull-jobs are best left to the pros. In terms of reliability, submersible also proved to be vital because it performs its roles from 20 to 25 years without serving. Submersible pumps can also be used in shallow wells. However, mud, sand, algae, and other contaminants can shorten the life of the pump.

Common elements

Regardless of the type of the components on the output side of all similar pumps. The pump is not intended to keep going, and they do not start every time you open the tap or flush the toilet. To provide consistent water pressure on the equipment, which pumps water storage tanks to move first. In the modern tank is air bladder, which becomes compressed when working and pumping water. The movement of water is all dependent on the pressure in the tank, and this helps move it through the house. 

At a pressure of about 40-60psi (preset level), the pump switch to stop. As the water used in the home, the pressure begins to decrease until, after a decline of about 20 psi, alternately turn on the pump, and the cycle is repeated. You will find a pressure gauge installed on the tank with wires leading to a switch that controls the pump.

Deep water well jet pump, how it works- Easy to understand

Jet pumps, also known as ejector pumps, is a device capable of handling and transporting all forms of motive fluids including gas, steam, or liquid. They can be considered a mixer or circulators because it combines several sources of fluid intake. Some holes are used to attract a constant flow of fluid, applying pressure to make the lift via suction. The combination of pressure and velocity jet intake of liquid or gas media rose from wells, tanks, or holes through the pump to the discharge point.

The jet pump is less efficient than a typical centrifugal pump because of factors such as friction. Still, it may be more productive when working with mixed media that includes gas, and in good condition which variable surface characteristics involving turbulence.


The jet pump is a centrifugal pump with an ejector (venturi nozzle) is installed at the discharge outlet. They function according to the Venturi effect Bernoulli’s principle – take advantage of constriction to reduce pressure and provide suction. Once the pumps are primed, the motive fluid is pumped through a standard centrifugal pump and entering the ejector. In the converging section of the ejector’s throat, pressurized fluid expelled at high speed. This creates a low pressure (vacuum) in the throat, drawing fluid target (from wells or other sources) into the nozzle. This image is a diagram of part of the pump jet ejector:


 In a jet pump, there are 3 main sections. These sections include; centrifugal pump, a jet ejector package, and a foot valve.

Centrifugal pumps generate motive power that circulates fluid through the ejector, usually using the impeller is supported by the motor. When you need additional information regarding the various types of centrifugal pumps, visit the How to Select IEEE Centrifugal Pumps on GlobalSpec.

Jet ejector package (nozzle, venturi, and various connections) are often separated from the pump before installation. Ejector components are carefully engineered to match specific pump flow rate. Before and during the installation of the package, kindly read about the ejector package and set the package correctly for a particular horsepower pump.

A foot valve is a part that is connected to the well or reservoir targets. It receives the liquid into the system and feeds pump, filter debris and sediment from entering the system, and maintains prime the pump to prevent backflow.


The main types of jet pumps are categorized based on the application and size. 

• Far jet pump; is also used in high volume applications, such as oil wells, which range from 800 to 15.000 feet in depth. The ejectors are putting right at this pump.

• Shallow well pumps; this is a type of jet pump used where media is closer to surface, especially in the residential wells. The ejectors at the pump are bolted to the nose pump.

• Convertible jet pump; is a “convertible,” which means they can be set to be used both for applications in shallow or deep wells.

• Miniature jet pump; is used for the application (usually commercial) smaller, like an aquarium.


The main specifications for consideration when selecting a jet pump discharge, the pump head, pressure, horsepower, power rating, the diameter of the outlet, and the operating temperature. GlobalSpec IEEE Flow Pump pages describe in detail the performance specifications. One of the essential considerations specific to the jet pump is: if the external pressure and internal pressure to exceed the specifications of materials and specifications of jet pump pressure, pump throat to collapse and cause damage or extreme reduction inflow.


Housing material for a jet pump including plastic, alloy steel & cast-iron.

• Plastics, which include; polypropylene (PP), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), acrylic, and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), are cheaper and offers resistance to corrosion and various chemicals.

• Steel alloys, including stainless steel, stronger and more abrasion resistant than plastic, and provide some form of corrosion & chemical resistance to the jet pump.

• Cast iron gives high strength & abrasion resistance.

Whenever you need more information, visit GlobalSpec’s IEEE Pump Features page.


The jet pump is usually inserted vertically into the process medium, but can also be installed horizontally. You are made to use this pump when there is a need to have a pump as it assists in having a motive force needed to move the fluid through the pump. For example, in marine applications, the jet pump is used for transferring seawater. When jets pumps need to be used for home application, it is all about using it to move wastewater to the sewage line. Afloat level sensors and switches used to turn on the pump.

GlobalSpec IEEE Pump Applications page provides an overview of the type of pump that is used for special applications.