Get To Know About The NEMA Electrical Enclosures’ Ratings

The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)has set the rating standards that guide the manufacturing of all electrical enclosures so as to ensure safety, proper functioning as well as compatibility of the electrical products. These ratings are responsible for providing the essential standards which are needed in defining different types of environments in which different types of electrical enclosures can be applied. NEMA ratings normally indicate specific enclosures capabilities in withstanding different environmental conditions.

NEMA ratings are specifically used in fixing enclosures and are barely used in mobile devices. All enclosures with the NEMA ratings undergo extreme stringent testing which is needed to verify if the enclosures can be secured from oil immersion, external ice, dust, water, corrosive material, etc. Each particular NEMA rating has its purpose, even though all of them are used for protecting electrical components, personnel as well as properties.

The benefits of NEMA ratings

In case you are using any type of electrical enclosure, make sure that you check its NEMA rating before you install it. It is very important that you should do so. These are the reasons:

  • NEMA ratings prove that the electrical enclosures are perfectly compatible with safety as well as performance standards.
  • It lets you identify which kind of enclosure is best for the environment that you want it to be installed.
  • There are 600 standards that you can find in technical papers as well as application guides that will help you to have a clear understanding of electrical product function as well as products.

How enclosures are rated under NEMA

NEMA is responsible for defining as well as publishing all electrical enclosures’ standards. NEMA does not test the electrical products and it does not have any testing laboratories. The manufacturer’s compliance with NEMA is just voluntary. Some of the manufacturers just self declare their product compliance with NEMA while others opt to use third-party testing as well as certification. This enables the manufacturers to offer their clients with the tangible assurance that their products meet their expectations. Besides, NEMA offers a list of trusted testing laboratories as well as certification bodies that can help the manufacturers who are seeking for those particular services.

The most common NEMA enclosures

  • NEMA Type 1 Enclosure
  • These are normally used for indoor commercial applications. These include utility junctions, utility boxes, switches, etc.
  • NEMA 1 enclosures normally need the lowest amount of protection. This ensures a certain degree of protection to people prohibiting them from accessing certain hazardous sections.
  • Normally used for offering a certain degree of protection to the equipment which is within the enclosure against any solid contamination such as dust and dirt.
  • NEMA Type 3 Enclosures
  • Normally used for outdoor and indoor applications offering a certain degree of protection by preventing them access to hazardous sections.
  • Rated to products that are meant to offer a certain degree of protection against any windblown dust as well as falling dirt.
  • The type 3 rating indicates that the enclosure is dustproof, rainproof as well as sleet proof. Besides, it has to be able to handle the formation of ice upon the enclosure.
  • NEMA Type 3R Enclosures
  • All enclosures with such ratings are able to be installed in both indoor and outdoor applications. These offer a certain degree of protection to people preventing them from accessing some dangerous sections.
  • They are fabricated in such a way that they are weatherproof and can withstand rain, windblown particles, snow as well as any formation of ice upon the enclosure.
  • They are commonly used in meter cabinets, utility boxes, and filtered fans.
  • NEMA Type 4 Enclosures
  • These are commonly used in industrial applications like hydraulic controls, wiring enclosures, and operator consoles.
  • They are watertight and offer protection against sleet, rain, ice formation, snow, hose directed water as well as splashing.
  • The enclosures consist of a closed-loop cooling mechanism that prevents contaminants from penetrating the enclosure.
  • It allows the application of air to air exchangers or air conditioners depending on the ambient temperature that surrounds them.
  • NEMA Type 4X Enclosures
  • These have identical features to those rated with NEMA Type 4. The only difference is that the type 4X consists of an additional feature that can withstand corrosion.
  • These kinds of enclosures are normally found in marine environments, food processing plants, paper manufacturing plants, oil & gas drilling, water treatment plants, refining, and processing plants.
  • Depending on the nature of ambient temperature, air to air heat exchangers and conditioners are ideal closed-up cooling systems when it comes to the NEMA Type 4X enclosures.
  • NEMA Type 12 Enclosures
  • Enclosures that are rated with this are designed to prevent dust prevention and are used ideal for indoor applications. It is not necessarily to be watertight even though they offer enough protection against extreme washdown conditions with extreme pressure hoses.
  • It needs a closed-loop mechanism.

How/When/Why to Upgrade Your Electrical System?

Do you inspect the condition of your electrical system on a regular basis? In case it has been a while, now it is the right time to do some inspection. It is not a good idea to just assume that your electrical components such as explosion-proof enclosures and electrical cables are just fine as they have a tendency to tear and wear after a couple of years. In case you are living in an old house or in case your current system.

How to upgrade your electrical system?

  • Start with upgrading your panel so as to bring in more power from the electrical supply to your home. You are able to replace the existing meter as well as the circuit breakers so as to enable it to handle more power. Or you can replace the entire electrical panel or circuit breakers which are entirely damaged posing extreme dangers. Upgrading your electrical systems makes your system have more power to supply in your home without posing any effect to your home wiring.
  • The second measure is adding extra circuits that can allow the distribution of power to your appliances as well as rooms.
  • Upgrading your system might also involve adding new electrical outlets as well as replacing all used cables, receptacles as well as the old cable wires.

What are the risks posed by a malfunctioning electrical system

There are different numbers of reasons that lead an old, malfunctioning, or faulty wiring to pose a huge problem. Some of them include:

  • An outdated electrical system generates a fire hazard, hence putting you as well as your beloved ones at risk. One of the major sources of a house fire is faulty wiring. As the wiring turns out heated or exposed, or in case there is a generation of sparks, the material around it can get ignited leading to fire outbreaks.
  • There is a high risk of electrocution. As soon as the wiring ages and there are signs of tear and wear, then the transfer of electrical current will be poor. The insulation might contain holes and this will pose a serious risk of electrocution.
  • The electrical appliances’ lifespan will be shortened as the damaged wiring will not be able to handle the power safely, as it used to hence it might run short your appliances. Besides, the faulty wiring as well as the electrical system might not be able to handle modern appliances like dishwashers, washing machines, microwaves, etc. hence leading them to wear out so quickly.

The overall home’s energy efficiency will drop so much, and you will notice this in your electric bills despite your appliances being damaged.

Signs that indicate your electrical panel has to be updated

In case you notice one of the following signs, then you have to know that your electrical system needs to be upgraded:

  • Frequent tripping of the breakers
  • Frequent blowing of fuses
  • Constant dimming or flickering of lights
  • Sparkling, discolored or warm outlets
  • The persistent burning odor from an appliance or room
  • Existence of two-prong ungrounded outlets via the house
  • Absence of ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) outlets in different rooms as well as areas that are exposed to moisture such as baths and kitchens.

Seek help from a licensed experienced professional

In case you are an experienced electrician and you can handle upgrading your panel on your own, then do it. But if you have no experience with handling electrical appliances, we do not recommend following a DIY path. It is in your best interest if you find a professional and let them handle the problem. Never risk your life by trying to it on your own as you might end up losing your life.

One of the important things that come with updating your electrical system, is that your home as well as family will be safe from fire hazards which are normally caused by circuit overloads. Besides, all your modern appliances will be safe and secured from any inefficient power distribution as well as other problems that are caused by aged electrical systems.

In case you are looking for high-quality cables, panels, outlets, switches, or construction electrical materials, just contact us. We offer different varieties of power cables as well as other types of components that will ensure your system upgrades.

Why Should You Prevent Condensations In Enclosures

Whenever cool surfaces get into contact with moist air, condensation takes place. Condensation is normally formed due to surface cooling soon after getting into contact with warmer air around their environment.

Electrical enclosures are vulnerable to condensation because they are always exposed to temperature fluctuations. The solution to this is to make sure that you install thermal insulators, especially in a situation where electrical enclosures are located outdoors.

At the time when warm temperatures of the day extremely fall too low degrees during the night time, there is a higher possibility for condensation to take place. This is a fact that is accompanied by rampant rise and fall of temperatures as well as recent extreme weather changes.

The dangers of condensation

One of the biggest dangers posed by condensation has something to do with electrical appliances’ malfunction. As water vapor is trapped within the enclosures, they lead to corrosion and sometimes rusting of the electrical as well as the metallic components.

The outcome of this is short-circuiting, breakdown of the electronic components as well as premature deterioration of the entire appliance.

Preventing condensation

Installing heat, temperature, as well as control systems, might be the most effective method of dealing with the problem. Some of the examples include thermostats, hygrostats as well as hygrothermal. In case temperatures drop below the set limit, thermostat heaters are turned on averting the danger.

Besides, a hygrostat starts the heaters when humidity rises exceeding the set limit. The hygrothermal does both functions. The major deterrent is the fact these devices are normally expensive.

A hydrothermal is easy to install and use as compared to the other devices. It is normally used in areas where there are extreme weather conditions. In case air temperatures fall during the winter season, the device will trigger the heaters to generate the internal heat. During the summer season when humidity is high, the same device will then trigger the heaters to get into operation lowering humidity. This extends the lifespan of electrical appliances.

Why should you prevent condensation?

There are 4 major reasons why you should be worried about condensation taking place in different compartments of electrical units. These are:

  1. Water draining
  2. Risk of shock
  3. Blocked drains
  4. Water collecting inside the enclosure
  5. Water draining

when condensation takes place, water drips upon the floor. This normally occurs when there are no collective drips. The outcome of this is an undesirable water mess. This might be a risk to your staff as they may slip and fall.

  • Shock risk

The entire condensation of electrical appliances poses an electric shock risk. This risk is of high possibility if the system runs at 240 – 480 volts. Still, the shock is still available in systems running around 120 volts and in the presence of extreme dampness. Anyone handling live equipment or testing electrical circuits is exposed to risk. The solution is installing efficient systems that will help remove condensation. This will ensure that there will never be any condensation of water upon the surfaces or components of the system.

  • Blocked drains

Even when you have enclosures that are installed with condensate drains, the installations are still vulnerable to clogging. This is normally true where the discharge pipes are placed flat upon the ground. When there is little or no condensation at all especially during the dry seasons, dirt and dust normally collect within the pipes. When these foreign materials block the drainage pipes, then water will accumulate upon the drain pan. As condensation is likely to occur, the blockage leads to problems such as corrosion of metal pipes, which can lead to expensive repairs.

  • Water collecting inside the enclosure

In case the temperature drops below the required levels, condensation will take place in a different section of the component, even when the component consists of condensate drains. The outcome of this is corroding of components leading to malfunction within the moving parts, entirely degrading the entire electrical system.

Final verdict

The perfect way to deal with condensate is to make sure that you install an air conditioner within the electrical enclosure. While it gets rid of the moisture, it also cools the surface. As soon as the water condenses upon the surface of the system, it can be boiled by an evaporation system. This ensures effective maintenance of electrical systems thus reducing energy consumption.

The Ultimate Guide For Saving Energy & Money With Your Electrical Motor

Electrical motors can be found in many areas such as in our homes, and plants. They are also used in the construction industry as well as in different applications. However, these motors can be the source of draining your pocket if they are not efficient or if they are poorly maintained.

Below are 6 ways of saving your energy and money by ensuring that you improve your motor performance.

  1. Get to learn more about load types

Your electrical motor works by converting electrical power into rotational energy. Its ability to consume energy depends on two factors which are speed and load. This means that fast motors having no loads will consume less energy while slow motors having full loads will consume great amounts of energy. In order to come up with an energy-saving plan, you will have to put into consideration the type of load. Besides, there are forces that affect the load type. These include:

Strategy: Save energy by minimizing the operating time

Strategy: Save energy by enhancing the system efficiency

  • Inertia: This includes flywheels, rolling mills, centrifuges, etc.

Strategy: Save energy by using an intelligent motor control system

  • Drag: This includes ceiling fans, centrifugal pumps, etc.

Strategy: Save energy by minimizing speed

  • Switching off your motor

This is one of the fundamental principles for energy conservation in any electrical construction project. This starts from a single bulb all the way to heavy-duty machines such as generators. Makes sure that you switch off your motor when it is not in use so as to conserve energy and reduce tear and wear.

Install soft start controllers when you install construction electrical motors. Starters are known to reduce about 70% of the strains which originate from mechanical and electrical systems during motor startups. This reduces the damage which is caused by regular starting and stopping.

  • Buy efficient motors

In case you have an old motor that is always in operation, consider replacing it with an efficient one. You can get one from Electrocircuitbreakers, as we supply efficient motors and other electrical materials that will ensure your safety and energy consumption efficiency.

The latest version of NEMA/IE3 motors has been designed in a way that saves energy. In case you have already installed one of these, make sure that you upgrade the starter too. If you can not find any suitable replacement, then you should consider the motor rewinds.

  • Make sure that you design effect systems

Your electrical system has to be designed in such a way that it offers the highest efficiency, thus allowing motors to operate when it is necessary. There is no need to invest in high-performance electrical supplies in case you have an efficient system.

Make sure that you know when and where the motor is unnecessarily operating, then create a system that allows it to start automatically and stop when it is needed. Level detectors, sensors, programmable logic controllers, soft starters, surge protectors are essential in improving system efficiency.

  • Ensure that the motor drives are well maintained

Variable Frequency Drives or VFDs are the commonly used solution when it comes to saving energy in electrical systems. These motor drives allow you to control speed as well as torque while letting you convert electrical energy to mechanical energy.

A VFD which is efficiently performing can conserve up to 55% in energy costs, but it has to be well-maintained. Skipping routine maintenance can cause serious system breakdowns, and that means you would need to replace the motor or drive when this happens.

  • Make sure that you have installed the right size

A motor is efficient if it is running at or near its full load conditions. when there is a reduction in the load that means there will be a drop inefficiency. This happens to the latest high-efficient motor models too. Install controllers as this will help you save energy.

Are you looking for quality performance starters, motors, conduit fitting, controllers, safety switches, protection devices, and other electrical materials? Visit our online store or call us today.

Temperature Effects Upon electrical Enclosures And How You Can Keep them Cool

Temperature control as well as reduction of heat are so important, even though they are the most overlooked aspects when it comes to the processing of designing enclosures. Any design should put into consideration thermal control mechanisms in the early stages of designing electrical enclosures. This will save you a lot of trouble when it comes to temperature-related issues in the near future. You have to put into consideration all the external aspects which might limit the natural airflow via the enclosure hence causing overheating.

How electrical components are affected by temperature

In case the temperature within the enclosure rises, it will also cause harm to the electrical components that are found within the enclosure. The minimal operating temperature for many of the electrical equipment ranges from 40ºC to 50ºC. When the internal temperature of most of the components rises, their lifespan will eventually drop.

Overheating can lead to leakage within the microprocessors of the integrated circuits. But this cannot lead to permanent damage. Normally industrial control units as well as components that are installed with capacitors are vulnerable to experiencing a shortened lifespan due to overheating.

Why do industrial control panels overheat?

There is a relationship between the temperature of control panel enclosures and the rate of heat generated within the panel as well as the rate of heat which is removed. When there is an increase in the usage of electronic as well as microprocessor-controlled electrical control gear increases, there is a high possibility that the control systems will produce extreme heat.

This will also be supported by an increase in the application of electronic gadgets that also generate extreme heat waste too. Also in case, there is extreme equipment within the control panel as well as negligible space, then the enclosure frequently heats up.

What is the effect of inadequate cooling?

There is a varying ability to operate properly when it comes to electrical control equipment when temperatures are high. Normally, the manufacturers rate the equipment for operation at high temperatures but you are advised that you should never exceed the set limit so as to prevent the equipment from suffering. Its lifespan will be shortened and precision components such as power supplies, controllers as well as precision measuring devices might suffer unwanted setpoint drift. Some of the microprocessor-controlled gadgets pose the possibility to malfunction when exposed to extreme temperatures. But once the temperature drops, everything may get back to normal.

Methods that will help you to maintain your enclosure’s temperature

  • Passive cooling method

This consists of a convection method. Heat always moves from higher concentration to lower concentration, therefore enclosures have to be designed in such a way that they have vents that are strategically placed allowing hot air to escape and be replaced with cooler air. This method proves to work well when it comes to maintaining the temperature of electrical enclosures. However, its effectiveness depends on the enclosure location as it works if the exterior air stays permanently at a lower temperature as compared to the interior air. You will have to place air filters upon the vents so as to prevent dirt or dust from entering the enclosure interior.

  • The active cooling method

This method can be implemented using two ways:

  1. The forced convection

In case the passive convection cannot work, you can install fans as well as blowers so that they can make the job done. This method is based upon the same principle that guides the convection where the fans push the air at a high speed via the enclosure, thus improving the cooling mechanism. Despite the fact that filters can be used in protecting the enclosures from being contaminated, but they are not capable of protecting the enclosure against extreme humidity variations.

  • Heat exchangers/air conditioning

In case convection falls behind when cooling the enclosure or there are issues such as humidity, then you can turn to a closed-loop cooling method. There are heat exchangers that are known for having effective capabilities of cooling the air in colder environments in which humidity can affect the enclosure design. Air conditioners perform at their best when they have electrical enclosures installed in hot environmental areas.

  • Other cooling methods

These methods consist of ventilation fans that work to remove heat from the enclosure. This is the best option in case the ambient temperature is below the required enclosure temperature. What you have to know is that fans are only able to remove heat. They cannot actively make the enclosure cool. In case you are using fans, you have to ensure that they are always installed with filters.

You can contact the Ecocircuitbreaker team so as to understand better on how you could maintain your electrical enclosures safe and cool. We have been in the industrial supplying electrical construction materials for many decades. Just contact us or visit our website for more information.

How To Troubleshoot An Open Circuit Fault Within A Control Circuit

Electrical issues can occur in different forms. In case you power on a machine but it does on start, there is a high possibility that the problem has something to do with an electrical fault. This could be a mechanical problem. This article is aiming to address some of the common problems in electrical circuits. An electrical circuit fault might be within the power circuit or the control circuit. Besides, it can take different forms such as being an open fault or a short circuit. Below are some of the most common faults that face electrical systems.

If you have any kind of experience in handling electrical tasks, troubleshooting an open circuit fault within a control circuit might seem so complicated. But that is not true, provided you have proper guidelines and you make sure that you follow all the given steps. Here are is a general procedure which will guide you to begin from the center of the problem and by doing so, you will be able to know which direction to take. It is always great to start from the control transformer as it is found at the center of the circuit. Besides, it is connected to both power and control circuits.

Steps for troubleshooting

Normally an open circuit fault refers to any kind of fault that halts the machine operation due to an open wire or component. Troubleshooting an open circuit within the control unit consists of the following:

  1. Having the general information about the circuit

First, you have to begin by analyzing the schematic diagram of the circuit so as to have a collective view.

  • Carefully open the control panel

You must have a voltmeter that you will use to check voltage. Verify if the voltmeter is properly functioning

  • Check the voltage

You have to check the voltages along with both two terminals upon the secondary of the control transformer. In case the voltage reading is different from what they should be, that means that there a fault in the power circuit. But if the voltage readings are correct, the OL is still on its ON position while the contactor is not energized, then the fault lies within the control circuit. It is also possible that the fault might also be within the power circuit.

When the voltage reading is correct along terminal 1 and 2,  the OL is still maintaining the ON position while the contractor is still energized, this means that the fault lies within the control panel. This is an open circuit fault in the panel. Now you will have to troubleshoot the system in a logical manner until when the correct voltage becomes absent.

  • Inspect the voltage along with terminal 1 above the fuse of the control circuit as well as terminal 2 over the secondary of the control transformer. In case the voltage readings are still correct, then you will have to jump to step 5. But if the voltage readings are incorrect, then you can conclude that the fault is at terminal 1 as the wire will be open above the fuse to the terminal 2 upon the secondary of the transformer.
  • Inspect the voltage along with terminal 1 above the control circuit’s fuse as well as terminal above the neutral link. In case the voltage readings are correct, then jump to step 6. However, if the voltage readings are incorrect, it means that terminal 2 is open from above the neutral link along with the terminal upon the secondary of the transformer.
  • Inspect the voltage upon wire 1 below the control fuse as well as terminal 2 voltage above the neutral link. In case the voltage readings are correct, just move on to step 7. However, if the voltage readings are incorrect, that means the control fuse is open. If this is the issue, that means there is a short circuit or a ground fault. If the fuse is not open, then there must be an open circuit fault. This is the initial sign that the issue lies in an open circuit fault.
  • Inspect the voltage upon wire 1 below the control fuse as well as wire 2 below the neutral link. Move on to step 8 in case the voltage reading is correct, as it means that the neutral link is open.
  • By using wire 2 as a reference due to the fact that the voltage below the fuse reads correctly. Do your measurements starting from the left moving all the way to the right and back to the top and then to the bottom again until you identify where there is no voltage. In case there is still no correct voltage, then move on to step 9.
  • Inspect the voltage along the point situate to the left side of 1OL by using wire 2 as your reference. Move on to step 10 in case the voltage readings are correct. In case the voltage readings are incorrect, then that means wire 1 is open from below the fuse to the left of the closed contacts for 1OL.
  • Move on to inspect the voltage along with the next point that is situated on the right side of 1OL using wire 2 as your reference. In case the voltage reading is correct then move on to step 11. In case the voltage readings are incorrect then the normally closed contact for 1OL must be the ones which are open.
  • Inspect the voltage upon D which is above terminal 3 while still using wire 2 as your reference. In case the voltage readings are correct then move on to step 12. In case the voltage readings are incorrect that means wire 3 is open within the upper terminal 3 and 1OL right-side terminal.

Ultimate Tips For Maintaining An Electric Transformer

Electrical transformers are among the most expensive and important electrical appliances. An electrical transformer is so important for optimal performance as well as improved production. It is so important that you plan for regular checkups and maintenance to ensure the health of your transformer.

There are two ways of maintaining your transformer. The first one is performed on a regular basis while the other one is normally performed during the time of emergency. In case maintenance checkups are performed on a regular basis, you will not experience any breakdown maintenance and that will save you downtime.

There are many kinds of check-ups that need to be done on a transformer. The following are some to the tasks that you need to perform:

Monthly check-ups for a transformer:

  1. Inspect the oil level within the oil cap every month so as to make sure that it does not drop below the required level so as to avoid any damage.
  2. Always make sure that the breathing holes within the silica gel breather are always clean so as to ensure proper breathing of the transformer.
  3. In case your transformer consists of oil filling bushing, ensure that oil is filled up t the set limit.

Daily checkups and testing for a transformer:

You should run 3 tests in your transformer every day:

  1. Inspect the level of the magnetic oil gauge (MOG) of the main tank as well as the conservator tank. Make sure the MOG is always maintained to a proper level.
  2. In case the silica gel turns to pink, replace it with a new one
  3. Seal any leakage if detected.

The annual maintenance schedule for a transformer

The oil pumps, air fans together with other components used in cooling down the transformer and controlling the circuit have to be inspected annually.

  1. Ensure that you clean all the bushings found in your transformer. Use a soft cotton cloth to do this.
  2. Examine the oil condition of the OLTC. You can do this by draining some oil samples from the drain valve and then testing the moisture content (PPM) as well as the dielectric strength (BDV). In case you identify that there is low BDV while high PPM, then you have to replace the oil.
  3. Ensure that you clean the inside section of all marshaling boxes. Test to identify if space and the illumination heaters are functioning, as they should. Tighten all the terminal connections as well as the control and relay wiring.
  4. All the alarms, switches, and relays together with their circuits, relay, changer control panel as well as the control panel have to be cleaned using proper cleaning detergent.
  5. Inspect all the winding temperature indicator pockets as well as oil temperature indicators to see if they have the required amount of oil.
  6. Test if the Buchholz is properly functioning. Just do this by pressing and releasing the relay device.
  7. Ensure that you test the resistive earth connection value as well as rizer. Do this using a clamp on the earth resistance meter.

Maintaining a transformer on a semi-annual basis

Your transformer has to inspect every six months for DDA, IFT, sludge content, flash point, water content, acidity as well as dielectric strength together with resistance against the transformer oil.

Current transformer maintenance

A current transformer is an essential component of every equipment that is running in an electrical substation as it ensures protection and measures electricity. Insulation resistance of the current transformer must be inspected annually.

  1. Perform a Thermo vision scanning upon all the basic terminals as well as the top dome of alive current transformer annually.
  2. All current secondary transformers’ connections have to be inspected, cleaned, and tightened on a yearly basis so as to makes sure that the secondary currents consist of the lowest resistance channel.

Despite the fact that your electrical transformer might seem to work smoothly, but without proper maintenance, it can experience serious damage and hence the total failure of your transformer. To avoid such situations, contact our team of professionals who will help you in installing and maintaining your transformer.

Is Your Business Ready To Handle A Power Outage Situation?

During the spring season, normally we experience unpredictable weather as well as power outages. However, the power outage is not only caused by natural disasters but sometimes it is due to failure in equipment and poor maintenance. All these can threaten your business’s production and lead to loss or reduce profits. According to statistics, the Canadian economy experiences a loss of $167 billion every year caused by electrical power outages. This is extremely bad for your business as you can end up losing a ransom.

While electric power outages are hard to predict, here are 7 ultimate tips that will help you to minimize any disruption while protecting your business:

  1. Enroll for outage alerts

You have to stay informed about the storms and you can do this by signing up to receive notifications through email and texts so that you get regular updates regarding the restoration times. You can also visit your utility provider website and sign up to receive alerts.

  • Get enough understanding of your equipment

Understanding your equipment is so important as it can help you take all the important measures as well as a precaution that is needed by listing all the needed equipment that has to be switched off when there is a power outage as well as resetting it as soon as the power restored.

  • You can contact the utility provider for more details on how your system will perform during and soon after the power outage.
  • In case you have a 3 phase equipment you are advised to install a protection device and know-how to reset it when there is a power outage.
  • Always have a plan

Make sure that you are always prepared and you have a well-detailed plan that shows all operational tasks as well as responsibilities to be undertaken by your staff. Make sure you understand your requirements for any electrical generation backup as well as the battery system.

  • Make sure you have emergence lighting, fire protection systems, phones, backup battery systems, as well as security systems frequently checked.
  • List all the emergence phone numbers
  • Design a customized outage business plan
  • Make sure that you have an emergence kit stored in an area that is easily accessible
  • Make sure that you prepare your staff for drill sessions

Ensure that you prepare your staff practice drill sessions so that your employees what to do during a power outage. Make sure that you assign responsibilities to your staff. Make sure that your staff has easy access to your site location identification number (SLID) so that they are able to report an outage in case you are unavailable.

  • Use Alternate Power and Lighting Sources
    Avoid using candles as they increase the risk of fire. You can opt to use battery-operated light sources-set up backup power sources for emergency power as well. You can also opt to install an emergency lighting system. Make sure that you place the generator in an open or well-ventilated space and ensure that a few of your employees know how to operate it.
  • Create an outage supplies kit

Ensure that you have sufficient outage supplies prior to the time and ensure that they are accessible and safe to anyone. Ensure that your staff knows where to locate them and assign them with responsibilities of maintaining them. This is what you should include in your supplies’ kit:

  • All the emergency numbers and your utility supplier’s number
  • You must include first aid kits
  • Include LED portable lights
  • All the major tools
  • Your business’s complex floor plan which identifies emergency shutoffs for gas, water as well as fire suppression control system and alarm security.
  • Inspect the wiring system which heads to your building

In case the wires on your business property seem to be down or damaged, make sure that you and your staff maintain a distance of about 4 meters away from them.

It doesn’t matter whether you suffer a power outage for a few minutes or for a number of days. Your ability to prepare and handle the power failure will enable you to overcome the situation without incurring any threads and loss. Using the right construction electrical materials is important so as to keep your business safe from any electrical outage. Using poor construction electrical materials can degrade your entire electrical system. This can pose a threat to your workplace not only to your property but also to you and your staff. For the best construction electrical materials, contact us. We are the leading suppliers and providers of electrical materials and services. Feel free to contact us, as our team of professionals will be happy to serve you.

A Step By Step On How To Install A Concealed Conduit Wiring System

The commonly used wiring system type used in domestic properties is the concealed conduit type. This is because it is the most aesthetically appealing. They are commonly used in home electrical wiring systems so as to secure wires from any external damage so as to extend their lifespan.

These wires can be installed by following 4 steps:

The first step: This involves laying electrical conduits within the slab

The second step: This involves laying electrical conduits within the wall

The third step: This involves installing the electrical switchboards back boxes

The fourth step: This involves the installation of distribution boards

Now let us dive in deep at the procedures that should be followed when installing a conduit electrical wiring system.

The first step: Laying electrical conduits within the slab

  • The slab conduits when it comes to the house wiring must be 2 X 25 mm in dimension for the PVC conduits. Make sure that you lay the slab conduits in the middle of the reinforcement.
  • You must use deep junction boxes within the slabs. Perfectly bind the PVC conduits by using the binding wire.
  • It is in your best interest if you adhere to the color coding when dealing with conduits for electrical wires as well as data lines such as telephone wire and LAN. Use the grey PVC black PVC for the electrical cables, grey PVC for data, and PVC solvent for connecting the accessories.
  • Make sure that you inspect the wall drops carefully so as to identify the weakness in the concrete.
  • Inspect the conducting as shown by the service blueprint and identify where the switchboards should be located and how many points have to be installed upon each location.
  • Make sure that you take all the important measures when creating your slab
  • Replace any broken pipes
  • Make sure that all the joints are watertight
  • As soon as the slab as well as the beam are de-shuttered, you have to pass the GI wiring. Make sure to record any choke up or alternative path just for a future reference
  • Install all the necessary sleeve beams, columns before the slab casting as required by electrical and air conditioning
  • Install the pull boxes along with every suitable location
  • Never cluster the junction or pull boxes within a single place. Arrange them so that they are invisible from crowded areas as shown from the blueprint.

The second step: Laying electrical conduits within the wall

  • Conduct the necessary conduit work as soon as the construction of the masonry wall is done. But this should be prior to plastering.
  • As soon as the brickwork curing is done, move to the chasing work. Make sure that you maintain a 7 days interval between two activities.
  • Work on the wall chasing with wall cutters only because this will prevent damaging the walls.
  • Make sure that you fix the electrical conduits using the approved clips so as to ensure proper routing as well as wiring.
  • As soon as the boxes, conduits, as well as accessories, are repaired, then fill the chiseled surface using cement mortar as well as chick mesh while wrapped around the conduits.
  • Begin the wall conducting work by marking all levels upon the wall, make sure that the height is above the finished floor level.
  • Make sure that you limit the chasing width depending on the number of conduits.
  • The chasing depth must be at least 10 mm from the masonry wall so as to allow conduit access
  • Ensure that all the horizontal conduit extensions are straight reaching the box level. The light point conduit has to extend straight vertically and connect to the switch box. Ensure that there is no wall conduit which is taken haphazardly.
  • Never use any kind of bends or elbows. Make sure that you use a spring for bending in case you need to alter the pipe direction.
  • Never run any power conduit along any communication line
  • Make sure that all the conduits are running above the false ceiling while having proper support. Never let them rest upon the false ceiling.

The third step: Installing the switchboards back boxes

  • Make sure that you treat the concealed switchboard perfectly at a level depending on the blueprints. For example, consider the distance and height requirements from the finished floor level
  • Ensure that there is an equal gap between the concealed switchboards. Make sure that you maintain uniformity over the entire installation.
  • Switchboards should be readymade modular type metal boxes that have been approved. Install the concealed box to 3 mm under the plastered surface.
  • Make sure that you finish the box fitting before you move on to plastering. The boxes should be filled with thermo-cool during the plastering process

The fourth step: Installing the distribution boards

  • Make sure that you conceal the distribution board prior to plastering
  • Install the DB box as required putting into consideration the line and level provided by the brickwork
  • Install the box depending on the design such as installing the number of conduits that are entering the distribution box
  • Make sure that you place all the needed PVC pipes in their respective holes

Ensure that you follow all the above steps in their mannerly order so as to successfully install your concealed electrical wiring system. You can call us for your electrical supplies and services. We are among the leading companies in the field.

Extending Your Electrical Cable And Wire Lifespan

Most if not all industrial applications depend on electricity, and electrical wires and cables are the channels in which electric current travels to different machines and appliances. In case there is a failure in cables, that means your entire system will come to a shutdown. This might cost you a fortune due to losses and time lost.

Being the owner, manager, or head of the department, it is clear that you have to deal with a lot of work every day. But implementing and following the fundamental guidelines will help in extending your wires and cables’ lifespan. This will reduce downtime as well as increase safety while removing any non-conformance problems.

Below are the basic practices to protect your wire and cables:

  1. Look for the right approach

Take your time and study different kinds of cables which are available and then opt for the one that is suitable for your application and your working environment. Make sure that safety is always your first priority when choosing the type and size of the cable. Besides, you have considered the following:

  • Mechanical strength
  • Safety
  • Ambient temperature
  • Expected performance when exposed to its environment
  • Carrying capacity

It is very important to train your staff on proper maintenance, cable limitations, and how to identify different signs that of cable failure.

  • Preventing any damage
  • Make sure that you avoid kinking, twisting of your cable and wires while in the installation process
  • Kinking as well as kinking your cables can mechanically weaken and stress the conductors
  • Make sure that you avoid any run overs and stress
  • Make sure that you note down the minimum bending radius
  • Consult your electric cable and wire supplier for your industrial configuration
  • Abstain from any kind of impact as well as crushing that can affect the cable insulation
  • Make sure that you keep the cables and wires from any elements that can affect their quality.
  • Do the necessary cable reel settings
  • Often perform cable ends reversing so as to prevent a single end from being exposed to extreme environment such as temperatures
  • Tie your cable as a way of preventing back spooling
  • Ensure that the cables are maintaining proper tension
  • Ensure that you have proper accountability for voltage drop as if unaccounted it can cause a motor failure
  • Prevent any machine overheating
  • Make any necessary repairs whenever needed
  • Perform regular inspection to your cables and repair any minor damages before they turn into major damages that cannot be repaired
  • Isolate and remove all crushed and cut cables before they can cause any risk
  • Make sure that you maintain a stock of spare parts so that you can easily replace any damaged part if it cannot be fixed
  • Keep records

Ensure that you always maintain the following records:

  • Installation date of the wire as well as the cable
  • The source of every failure such as:
  • Highlighting areas in which all the major issues occurred
  • Pinpointing the root of the failure
  • Design a preventative measure so as to identify failures before they occur
  • Isolating wires and cables for repair
  • Make sure that you analyze the wires and cables on a regular basis

Caring and maintaining your cables and wires is so important so as to keep your industry running. Besides, it will prevent you from incurring losses as it will improve your production efficiency will minimizing the running costs. On the other hand, safety must be the number one priority. Following the mentioned 5 guidelines will not only ensure the safety of your workers and property, but it will enhance the lifespan of your industry’s wiring and machines.